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Roses Growing From Cuttings: 2 Best Ways to Breed!

Roses Growing From Cuttings: 2 Best Ways to Breed!

An easy way to grow roses from cuttings! Compare the best and worst ways of breeding in water or soil with potato and root-by-root stratification. 

Maybe it's a beautiful rose plant in the garden you want to breed, or a bouquet of roses for Valentine's Day you want to grow into more roses. More colorful and beautiful rose bushes and vines can be easily planted in our homes and gardens. Many plant lovers tried to grow roses from cuttings. 

There are many ways to breed roses. B. Some people try to root in soil or water, create a layer of air, and grow rose cuttings with potatoes. Some of these methods are great, but some don't really work. 

Today we will compare the best and easiest way to breed roses from any of the plants, cut flowers or even bouquets. Wouldn`t it be nice to have more roses in our gardens or as gifts to share with friends? 

Can you propagate patented roses? 

A plant patent lasts for 20 years, after which the plant is allowed to be propagated. If the roses are patented within the last 20 years, it is illegal to propagate the rose without the consent of the patent holder. 

However, there are endless varieties of roses you CAN propagate. For example, the famous New Dawn and Charlotte Armstrong roses were patented over 50 years ago, and old-fashioned heirloom roses often take root more easily than modern hybrids. Now that we know which roses don't breed, let's look at the best and easiest way to root rose cuttings!
The best time to grow roses from cuttings The best time to grow roses from cuttings is spring and early summer, when new flexible stems are actively growing. They are called coniferous cuttings and are the fastest and easiest to root. 

The next best bet is semi-hardwood cuttings harvested in late summer and early autumn when the new stems partially mature. Hardwood cuttings are the most difficult to root. They are harvested in late autumn or early winter when the rose stalks have matured and entered a dormant state. Grow roses from cuttings using an air layer.

Air stratification is a fascinating method of propagation that has been used for thousands of years! Today, there are simple products like these reusable air layer pods, which you can buy from simple materials such as small water bottles and plastic bags or make your own. 

If the rose bushes and vines you want to breed are already growing in your or your friend's garden, air stratification is the best way to breed roses (and many shrubs). 

This method does not even require the use of rooting powder. The best time for roses in the air layer is late spring or late summer, when the weather is warm and the rose bushes are growing actively.

Select a stem that is about the thickness of a pencil and longer than a foot. Take a clean sharp knife, find a spot at about 1 foot for the top tip of the stem, remove leaves and thorns around this area, peel off about a 1 inch section of the green bark tissue to get to white wood.
Dust the cut area with rooting hormone. You can skip this, but rooting hormone does help speeding up the process.
Next, make a 3” to 4” size pouch using either plastic wrap or a small plastic bottle filled with moist peat moss, coir, or potting soil. Coconut fiber is the best medium for rooting rose cuttings. It is sustainable and clean, which is important for breeding. Secure the top and bottom with twine or zip ties (not too tight for the plant to grow and expand).
You can also use these reusable AirLayeringPods. Since the stem is still attached to the mother plant, it receives water and nutrients as new roots grow from the cut. This greatly increases the propagation success rate to nearly 100%!
Most rose plants show their white roots in 3 – 5 weeks. When you see good root system develops with lots of healthy roots, clip the stem off below the layer. Gently remove ties and covers. Carefully plant your new rose plants and keep them well watered and protected from direct sunlight for a couple of weeks so it can adapt. 

Grow roses from cuttings in soil or medium. Fill some clean pots or containers rooting mix and water well so it`s moist and fully hydrated. You can use clean potting soil or a soilless mix such as clean sand, peat moss, perlite, or Coco coir. 

IMPORTANT: The containers should have drainage holes and never sit in water for too long.

Coco coir is a great medium to root rose cuttings. It is sustainable and clean, which is important for propagation. Take rose cuttings only from healthy plants that are well watered. 

Choose fresh healthy rose stems newly grown from the woody base, with at least 35 leaf nodes on the stem. Cut near the base at a 45degree angle. Put cut stems in water immediately. 

Cut longer stem into 6 inch to 8 inch long, and make sure each cutting have at least 3 nodes – where leaf meets stem. 

Remove all flower buds and leaves except for one set of leaves at the top of each cutting. Soak the lower half of the cutting in rooting hormone powder or gel. 

Use a pencil to drill a 3-4 inch deep planting hole in the rooting mix. Plant a rose cut in the hole so that at least two nodes are covered.

Store the cuttings in a warm and bright place away from direct sunlight. If you feel the rooting mix is ​​top inch and dry, water it. Pamela at the Flower Patch Farm used recycled coffee cups (top) and large jars (bottom) as damp tents. Such a great idea!
If you live in a warm and humid climate with a shaded outdoor area, you can do it without a damp cover. Most coniferous rose cuttings root within 2-6 weeks. If you see healthy leaves growing and feel resistance when pulling the cuttings very gently (don't be too early!), 

They are probably rooted. You can now remove the moisture tent and let it grow for a few more weeks before transplanting the cuttings. Can you let the rose cuttings take root in the water? Rose cuttings do not breed well on water alone.
Some cuttings take root, but the success rate is usually about 20%, but you can achieve 80% success by breeding or stacking rose cuttings in soil medium. Rose cuttings usually take a long time to take root in water and are perishable. But some of your favorite plants can be rooted in water very easily! 

Here are some tutorials on how to breed fiddle-leaf figs and hydrangea cuttings in soil or water and be almost 100% successful.

Can potatoes grow rose cuttings?

There are many viral images of potato rose cuttings, but I have never seen any scientific or realistic evidence that potatoes grow rose cuttings faster or better. 

Can potatoes grow rose cuttings?

On the contrary, there are many reports of failures by gardeners who actually tried to grow potato rose cuttings.
Potatoes can magically grow roots that do not become rose roots. Rose cuttings require a medium to retain moisture and air, but potatoes do not. that's it! Enjoy gardening using the first two methods.

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